OLIVE CULTIVATION AREAS

According to data from the International Olive Council (IOC), the world olive grove is made up of about 850 million trees covering an area of more than 10 million hectares. Of these, more than one million is dedicated to the production of table olives.

According to the on Crop Areas and Yields of 2018 (ESYRCE), Spain has 2,697,445 hectares of olive groves, of which 187,232 (6.94%) are dedicated to table olives. The latter are mainly concentrated in Andalusia and Extremadura, which have 86.76% and 11.21% of the total respectively, that is, 97.97% of these crops occur in these two communities.

WORLD PRODUCTION

Spain is the world's first producer of table olives, followed by other countries such as Egypt, Turkey, Algeria, Greece, Syria, Morocco and Argentina. The global average production of the last five seasons amounts to 2,740,100 tons, of which 584,000 were produced in Spain, that is, 21.3% of the total.

Source: International Olive Council

NATIONAL PRODUCTION

According to data from the Food Information and Control Agency (AICA), in the 2018/2019 season the national production of table olives was 585,690 tons.

The productions located in Andalusia reached a total of 480,643 tons, which represents 82.1% of the national production. Seville with 348,969, Córdoba with 63,840 and Malaga with 62,573 are the provinces with the highest production.

On the other hand, the industries located in Extremadura generated 98,215 tons, which represents 16.8% of the national production, corresponding to the province of Badajoz 59,899 and Cáceres 38,316.

Source: Food Information and Control Agency

NUMBER OF INDUSTRIES

According to AICA data, in the 2018/19 season, 409 Facilities dedicated to olive processing are counted. The geographical distribution is as follows:

Source: Food Information and Control Agency


Following the AICA data, in the 2018/19 season, 274 facilities dedicated to PACKAGING are counted. The geographical distribution is as follows:


Source: Food Information and Control Agency

RELEVANT SECTOR

The sector is of great relevance in the whole of the national agri-food industry, both for the number of jobs it generates and for its volume of production and export, leading Spain the world market in both concepts.

It generates more than 8,000 direct jobs, more than six million wages for the collection and cultivation of the olive tree, to which we must add those created by companies and auxiliary factories such as glass, tin, cardboard, machinery, transport, etc. This represents 27% of the employment generated by the national canned and prepared vegetable products sector, participating with 22% in the national value of this sector and contributing to the GDP around 1,000 million euros.

WORLD CONSUMPTION

According to data from the IOC (International Olive Council), the average consumption of the last five seasons amounts to 2,621,500 tons and is distributed by countries according to the following graph.



Source: International Olive Council

Spain ranks fifth in the ranking with an average consumption of 191,400 tons.

NATIONAL CONSUMPTION

According to the MAGRAMA Food Consumption Panel, in 2018 the national olive consumption in households decreased by 3.5%. For hotels and restaurants, there are no data available since 2011. Household consumption accounts for around 75% of the national consumption of table olives.

The household consumption of table olives is remaining at approximately the same level as it was 15 years ago, with a continuous decrease in the 2004-2011 period and an increase in the 2012-17 period, with a new decrease in 2018.


Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment

WORLD EXPORTS

According to data from the IOC (International Olive Council), the global average export of the last five seasons, excluding intra-EU imports from EU countries, amounts to 634,800 tons and is distributed by countries according to the following graph.


Source: International Olive Council

EXPORTS OF SPAIN

According to data from the D.G. CUSTOMS, in 2018, exports of table olives from Spain, including shipments to the countries of the European Union, reached the figure of 292,744 MT (drained net weight), whose value amounts to 706 million euros. Spanish exports in 2018 have experienced a 5.07% decrease compared to 2017.

2017

2018

TM thousand euros TM % 17/16 thousand euros % 17/16
EUROPEAN UNION 131.360 304.246 131.834 0,36 302.554 -0,56
NORTH AMERICA 87.905 216.303 76.647 -12,81 193.414 -10,58
ARABIAN COUNTRIES 30.415 62.046 29.675 -2,43 61.171 -1,41
EASTERN EUROPE AND BALKAN COUNTRIES 27.368 80.547 25.043 -8,50 76.678 -4,80
CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA 12.517 25.531 11.463 -8,42 25.528 -0,01
OTHERS 18.809 48.540 18.082 -3,86 46.669 -3,86
TOTAL 308.372 737.214 292.744 -5,07 706.014 -4,23
Source: D.G. Aduanas

Exports have increased by 0.36% in the EU, and have decreased by 12.81% in North America, 2.43% in the Arab Countries, 8.5% in the Eastern and Balkan countries, 8.42% in Central and South America, and 3.86% in Other countries.

X